When Robert the Bruce died in he was buried in the choir of Dunfermline Abbey, and his grave marked by a tomb recorded as having been imported from Paris at the personal request of the late king. This was later destroyed probably in the Reformation era. However during the site clearance prior to the building of the present day Abbey Church fragments of carved and gilded marble, which were thought to be from the vanished tomb, were revealed. The relics were subsequently passed to museums in Edinburgh, Glasgow and Dunfermline and to Abbotsford House. Scottish heritage bodies combined to re-examine the excavated remains in order to present a digital reconstruction of the Lost Tomb of Robert the Bruce in its historic setting.
Elizabeth would have been about 18 years old, and Robert There had been far earlier inspections, in andby amateur churchmen antiquaries when at least six elite grave slabs and ancient bones were found, but this had not led to any more systematic investigation and the site of the ruined Church which preceded the present day Abbey Church was several feet deep in rubble. The exhibition and digital reconstruction, which was first shown in the Hunterian in ahd, can now be seen in the Abbey Church. Description Dunfermline Abbey Robert the Bruce. Younger twin brother of David Brass and robert the bruse. He was reinterred and a new monumental brass was made at that time.
By car owner private used. File history
He also had a powerful claim to the Scottish throne through his descent from Donald III on his father's side and David I on his mother's side. Audible Download Audio Books. They state that the Comyn murder was planned in an attempt to gain the throne of Scotland. In accordance with this, final judgement was given by Edward on 17 November. Annandale was thoroughly feudalised and the form of Northern Middle English that would later develop into Brass and robert the bruse Scots language was spoken throughout the region. Isobel of Gloucester and Hertford Christina de Ireby. Language: English. Edit page. It remains Tall jogging pants just what caused the death of Robert, a month before his fifty-fifth birthday. They determined that skull and foot bone showed no signs of leprosy, such as an eroded nasal spine and a pencilling of the foot bone.
He was reinterred and a new monumental brass was made at that time.
- It was a good thing that he was both brave and wise, because the times in which he lived were wild and dangerous.
- Robert was one of the most famous warriors of his generation, and eventually led Scotland during the First War of Scottish Independence against England.
- Robert the Bruce, who was king of Scotland from to , freed Scotland from English rule by winning the decisive Battle of Bannockburn and achieving English agreement to full Scottish independence in the Treaty of Northampton.
- Sign in.
- His grandson Robert the Bruce eventually became King of Scots.
When Robert the Bruce died in he was buried in the choir of Dunfermline Abbey, and his grave marked by a tomb recorded as having been imported from Paris at the personal request of the late king. This was later destroyed probably in the Reformation era.
However during the site clearance prior to the building of the present day Abbey Church fragments of carved and gilded marble, which were thought to be from the vanished tomb, were revealed. The relics were subsequently passed to museums in Edinburgh, Glasgow and Dunfermline and to Abbotsford House.
Scottish heritage bodies combined to re-examine the excavated remains in order to present a digital reconstruction of the Lost Tomb of Robert the Bruce in its historic setting. The exhibition and digital reconstruction, which was first shown in the Hunterian in , can now be seen in the Abbey Church. It was a remarkable coincidence and the recovery and presentation of the Scottish Regalia was carefully controlled and supervised by the likes of Walter Scott and William Adam, of Blair Adam.
Dunfermline was similar to various growing Scottish burghs where there were increasing signs of political unrest. So the authorities were probably keen to delay a closer inspection soon after the discovery for fear of creating any threat to the existing order of things.
Whatever the reasons, it was to be nearly another twenty—two months before an official inspection of the bones by medical experts took place. He knelt and kissed the stone with sacred fervour, and heartily execrated the worse than Gothic neglect of the first of Scottish heroes. There had been far earlier inspections, in and , by amateur churchmen antiquaries when at least six elite grave slabs and ancient bones were found, but this had not led to any more systematic investigation and the site of the ruined Church which preceded the present day Abbey Church was several feet deep in rubble.
So it was only when the site began to be cleared that more began to be revealed! Bruce had left detailed instructions regarding his funeral and ceremonial burial at Dunfermline Abbey in , which included the removal of his heart so that it could be taken to the Holy Land. This was indeed carried out and so when the skeleton was uncovered, its sawn sternum was seen at the time as strong evidence that this was indeed the remains of the Bruce.
When in foundation work for the building was in progress, the tomb of King Robert the Bruce who had been buried in the Old Abbey in was rediscovered the remains were carefully reinterred within the new Church.
The tomb is marked by a full size brass gifted by the Earl of Elgin in Home Robert the Bruce. The Lost Tomb of Robert the Bruce. Share this: Facebook Twitter.
Retrieved 9 November His father, the seventh Robert de Bruce died , resigned the title of earl of Carrick in his favour in , but little else is known of his career until In March , Bruce sent a letter to the monks at Melrose Abbey apologising for having called tenants of the monks to service in his army when there had been no national call-up. His body was buried in Dunfermline Abbey, but the heart was removed on his instructions and taken by Sir James Douglas on crusade in Spain. The middle-aged Alexander III induced in the Estates to recognise as his heir-presumptive his granddaughter Margaret, called the "Maid of Norway" , his only surviving descendant. The next time Carlisle was besieged, in , Robert the Bruce would be leading the attack. Bruce took the hint, and he and a squire fled the English court during the night.
Brass and robert the bruse. 2 Comments
Robert the Bruce – Dunfermline Abbey
But this is so much more. Not only is this a scientifically based reconstruction based on facts rather than presumptions it gives us a new insight into the life of Robert the Bruce through the eyes of a world renowned portrait artist. A great artist does more than just photocopy an image they show an essence, a spark. Corbet became fascinated with the mythology surrounding Robert the Bruce. Could he create a portrait, a reconstruction of The Hero Scottish King? To do this is not like creating a portrait of a living person, not even like creating a portrait of someone no longer with us where photography existed to refer to and help from living relatives.
This was going to be a project like no other. Separating the King from the man, legends from facts and also dealing with what people expect. Also Bruce historians, Christopher Robert Bruce played a large part in this. The conclusion from all these specialists was the skull was not representative of an individual with leprosy.
Looking at historical reasons Robert the Bruce could have been labelled a leper point to it being a slur after the battle of Bannockburn. The stigma attached to the disease makes him less of a man. Quite simply the pageboy haircut was the style of the time. Duncan Thomson from the Strathleven Artisans organised the plinth that the head was to stand on, it was made from wood taken from the historic Bruce Oak tree in Loch Lomond National Park.
I was privileged to attend the unveiling ceremony at the Stirling Smith Museum on March 23rd Sadly the artist Christian Corbet was unable to attend due to illness. Lord Charles Bruce gave a very thought provoking speech. I have just added some images. He speaks to us from the pages of history predominantly as a warrior.
Indeed most of his life was affected by war, a period equivalent to the First and Second World Wars fought back to back three times over. Although decisive and sometimes ruthless in battle he was also deeply pious.
He may have laid waste to Buchan but he also erected shrines and chapels all over Scotland to honour his faith. He could be paralysed by self-doubt — remember the scene in the cave on Rathlin Island — but he also composed one of the most visionary and startling treatises on national identity ever written in the medieval period — the Declaration of Arbroath. At Stirling you have two versions of the King — one carved from sandstone by Andrew Currie and unveiled on the castle esplanade in ; and the other unveiled by the Queen at the Bannockburn Rotunda in The sculptor — Charles Pilkington-Jackson — clearly thought the equestrian king should be larger than life.
In the last seven years alone my son Benedict and I have been asked to unveil two new versions of the King. At Annan in , and the following year outside Marischall College in Aberdeen. Both figures show the king helmeted for battle and suited from head to toe in chain mail. One clutches a sword — the other holds aloft a charter granting the Forest of Stocken to the Burgers of Aberdeen. It appears that the challenge to fit a face to a king who died nearly years ago still continues to captivate us.
But to my knowledge no artist has actually attempted to sculpt Robert the Bruce as an ordinary man of his time, stripped of the entablature of kingship, or the status of hero. Indeed it is this essential sense of intimacy that seems to have eluded sculptors and forensic scientists, until now. Forensic reconstruction has an important role to play, but we also need the imagination of a gifted artist to place a medieval king securely on a 21st century plinth.
We want to know more about the subject and to explore the psychology of medieval leadership. We want to be able to navigate the space within, in order to read the mind behind the face. I think you will agree that Christian Corbet has achieved this task. Not only has he captured the identity of one of our greatest heroes, but he has also allowed us to get much closer to Robert Bruce than I suggest that any of us had ever imagined would be possible. It is unfortunate that Christian is unable to be with us today.
But it is more than a coincidence perhaps that this gift to the Stirling Smith Museum and Gallery should have come from Canada. It was Eric Harvie, a Canadian businessman from Alberta whose generosity allowed the Pilkington- Jackson statue to be erected at Bannockburn in , and another to be put up in his hometown of Calgary.
Indeed the Bruce equestrian statue on the junction of 10th Avenue and 14th Street is a notable local landmark and encourages Calagarians to boast to credulous tourists that the Calgary Stampede is the only rodeo in North America with medieval origins.
Some of you will know that my father was actively involved in fundraising for the Pilkington Jackson commission and was actually responsible for securing the donation from Eric Harvie.
But the land on which the statue was erected — forming part of the battlefield of Bannockburn — was secured for the nation by my grandfather in Alerted by news that Stirling Burgh Council had acquired the battlefield by compulsory purchase in order to build a council housing scheme, my grandfather organised a national appeal on behalf of the embryonic National Trust for Scotland to buy the land, and enlisted the help of John Buchan.
It gave her freedom. It created a national self-consciousness…it enabled her to find her soul. It left her…to work out her own destiny, and when union with her old antagonist came about, she entered as an equal, free and unconquered. The Appeal was successful and it had the twin effect of saving the battlefield and launching the National Trust for Scotland.
But there is still a sense today that the whole exercise was slightly unseemly — that so much effort was required to overturn such a misconceived municipal decision. Of course Carlyle later reconsidered his criticism inspiring the creation of two portrait galleries in London and Edinburgh. Opened in the SNPG was decorated shamelessly with a life-sized frieze painted in fresco by William Hole depicting no fewer than figures from Scottish history arraigned in an imaginary procession.
The effigy is embedded in a slab of porphyry, a dense blood-coloured marble. The marble came into the possession of my family in as a gift from the Sultan of Turkey. It was reputed to have once formed the lid of the sarcophagus of the emperor Constantine but had long since been detached from the place of burial and was being used as a step to reach the front door of the Ottoman treasury in the Topkapi Palace.
There was no sign of the elaborate marble tomb which King Robert had procured from France in That had long since disappeared in the Reformation. But even if it had survived the iconoclasts and Oliver Cromwell it would have been destroyed by falling masonry as the Abbey Choir collapsed for want of maintenance on four occasions between and To fast-forward to the present day, a few years ago Christian was commissioned to sculpt a portrait head of my father.
As you can well imagine during the lengthy sittings, artist and subject whiled away the time discussing Scottish history — and inevitably the part played by the Bruce family — with the result that Christian became fixated by the mythology surrounding the disinterment of King Robert.
Before I turn you over to Christian and his colleague Dr Andrew Nelson to allow them to explain how they have altered the way in which we visualise King Robert, there is a little more scene-setting to establish. You need to remember that in the King is thought to have acquired acres of land by way of excambion with the Earl of Lennox, at Pelanyspflait in the Vale of Leven near to the present-day village of Renton in West Dumbartonshire.
It was here that he built a comfortable oak-framed house with a well-stocked demesne, orchards and physic garden. Research carried out by the Strathleven Artizans has established without doubt the location of this dwelling.
In order to understand what the artist has intended you have to imagine him in this context. You builded your Manor with highland beams To house the roar of banquet scenes. In the park at Mains with fifteen fields You strode with the hounds that stayed to heel.
And when you went hawking in the Murroch Bog To the glimmer of dawn and the barking of dogs, Or when hunting tusk in the glen at Dalmoak ,The banquet to follow was a boars-head feast. A tamed lion you kept, as a pet no less On a long silver chain, to greet every guest — As a reminder to all, that a lion with teeth, Guards the Kings Manor, as part of its brief! There strode your foot upon this land: Feet that trod by the river leven side — Toes that scabbed at the shrinking tide.
There lay a head on a great carved bed There lay a face which whispered dread! There lay a head with golden crown, There lay a king in his burial gown. I run www. Live in Edinburgh and love travelling around Scotland gathering stories. Thanks for the wonderful shares!
Your email address will not be published. Your basket. Ethical Kilts. Robert the Bruce by Christian Corbet. Christopher Corbet. Robert the Bruce, Aberdeen. The grave of Robert the Bruce, Dunfermline Abbey. The new face of Robert the Bruce. About Amanda Moffet I run www. Robert Burns — Greatest Scot of all time…? Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Remember most of our products are made to order so check times for this.
Can't see shipping address? All rights reserved.